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A patient sustains an open wound to the shoulder from a pair of scissors. Examination reveals a deep wound with muscle on view and deep fascia breached. You plan to suture the wound in layers including suturing the deep fascia.
Regarding deep fascia, which one of the following statements is CORRECT?
A 5-year-old boy presents with an acute exacerbation of asthma.
Which one of the following statements about bronchial asthma is TRUE?
Salbutamol may cause all of the following EXCEPT:
Which one of the following statements about Lung compliance is TRUE?
Regarding changes related to aging that affect pharmacokinetics of drugs, compared to a 25-year old, a 75 year old is likely to have increased amount of:
A 70-year old had a laparatomy under general anesthesia for peritonitis secondary to perforated viscus. She is slow to regain her muscle strength after emergence from sedative effect of anesthetics. Which one of the following medications may cause this effect?
A 35 year old presents with a self-inflicted stab wound to the flexor aspect of the wrist. The patient has difficulty flexing some of the fingers. Which one of the following statements regarding assessment for tendon injuries is CORRECT?
Flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS)
Flexor digitorum profudus (FDP)
Proximal interphalangeal (PIP)
Distal interphalangeal (DIP)
A 50-year old presents with central chest pain. Investigations show elevated troponin. The increase in serum enzyme levels most likely results from which of the following changes in the cardiac myocytes?
A patient with vomiting is given metoclopramide. Which one of the following is an effect of metoclopramide?
A 6-year old boy presents to ED with 1-week history of lethargy, polyuria, polydipsia and has a blood glucose of 30mmol/L. Which one of the following is the most likely pathological process?
A 68-year-old suffers from congestive cardiac failure. He has elevated levels of BNP (B-type natriuretic peptide). Regarding BNP, which of the following statements is CORRECT?
A 15-year old presents with fever, sorethroat, multiple enlarge lymph nodes in the upper cervical region. Blood tests show atypical lymphocytes, mildly derganged LFTs. Regarding this infectious disease, which one of the following statement is CORRECT?
Regarding normal cardiac physiology, in which one of the following conditions, there is no change in cardiac output?
What percentage of total body weight is the total blood volume?
A 45-year-old female presents with swelling to her right lower limb. An ultrasound shows thrombosis affecting some of the veins. Which one of the following is a deep vein of the lower limb?